Industrial-style interior: design and decor features
Industrial style in the interior appeared in the 20th century in America. Technological progress in design has moved this style to one of the first places in popularity. He was able to organically fit into every room and transform any apartment beyond recognition.
Industrial style emerged on the verge of unique design and manufacturing waste
The history of the creation of industrial style
After the Great Depression in the United States of the 1920s, against the backdrop of a general decline in the economy and a decline in living standards, many artists and other cultural figures preferred to rent inexpensive empty industrial premises for their studios. Such conditions gave them great opportunities for creativity. At the same time, many equipped themselves with housing in such premises, although this was illegal. Subsequently, the authorities of some states allowed artists to live among their works..
Initially, no one called the industrial style a style – it was only part of everyday life
Over time, the direction has become a fashionable trend that does not lose its relevance in our time.
At the end of the twentieth century, technical progress came to the United States, which led to the fact that many old plants, factories and warehouses were closed, as they did not meet the requirements of the time. After that, those wishing to open public institutions became interested in the buildings. They were remade under:
- the shops;
After some time, the industrial style reached residential premises. Therefore, now it is often used in spaces of the “loft” variety..
The style is suitable for creative free people who value originality and conciseness
Varieties of style
It is customary to distinguish between two types of industrial style: natural and artificial. Each type is unique in its own way, differ from each other in the way it is introduced into the interior and the use of finishing materials.
Industrial can be successfully implemented both in a city apartment and in a country house
It is explained by the fact that the design is formed in the industrial zone. And the decor is the attributes preserved after the renovation: windows, brickwork, pipes, ceilings, stairs, beams. They also include various parts of machinery, equipment, ventilation systems.
To make a living room out of a production facility, you can simply supply only the most necessary furniture.
It is created exclusively by artificial means in any room far from production, even in an ordinary apartment. In such buildings, they try to age the structures and wall decoration as much as possible. Apply masonry with decorative or real stone. The choice of accessories in an artificially created style must be approached very responsibly. All items must match the interior of the factory premises.
Artificial creation of an industrial style in a modern home will require a lot of effort and money.
Distinctive features of the industrial style
The use of the “factory” style in any room (apartment, house, office) implies a single design, characterized by:
- spacious areas without partitions;
- large, high windows and columns;
- floors made of stone, concrete or wood;
- walls of brick or concrete;
- high ceilings without decoration;
- unmasked communications.
As a rule, the style involves large, spacious rooms.
It is very difficult to create a design in an industrial style, since it requires certain knowledge and a long time to implement ideas. It is necessary to consider the main rules, the observance of which will help to decorate the interior of any room or structure..
Ceilings are characterized by iron, wood or concrete beams
|Large and unlimited space with a lot of possibilities for the realization of ideas.||Some roughness of design and dark shades of design.|
|Minimalism and functionality in design.||Requires competent and high-quality lighting|
|With the right skills, inexpensive old things become a highlight of the interior..|
Minimalism, no unnecessary decorations and only clean straight lines – no curlicues and trinkets
Advice. With the right skills, inexpensive old things become a highlight of the interior..
When decorating an industrial style, you can save a lot if you make some items yourself
Industrial style in the interior: texture solutions
Textured elements and materials can help reflect the industrial in the design and interior decoration of the apartment:
- stone savage;
- exposed brick wall;
- roughly processed wood;
- concrete and metal elements.
A lot of concrete, wood, brick or stone is industrial
Elements of communication systems in an industrial interior style do not need to be hidden. They just emphasize the atmosphere. In some cases, it is even possible to add fake details as decorative parts of the design. Aged and rusty copper, iron and steel objects are suitable as materials. In this case, materials with a bright metallic luster should be avoided. If you wish, you can use the decor made of aged silver.
Industrial style color palette
The color palette in industrial tends to be darker shades that emphasize the industrial origins of the style. The design is dominated by variations of gray, brown, khaki. For some variety, it is worth choosing a main color and building a composition using its shades. You can also add textured coloring stylized to rust, old wood, brickwork to these tones..
Oddly enough, but the interior of gray metal and concrete can be cozy and harmonious.
For style, a typically successful combination of white and gray
Graphite gray walls create an atmosphere of sophistication and mystery
The manufactory style is characterized by large rooms, high ceilings, and large windows. Thanks to these qualities, good natural light is used more in the daytime. The curtains are almost never used; if necessary, you can hang transparent tulle.
Luminaires are usually made of metal
For general lighting, the room is equipped with factory-made pendant lamps with reflectors, or bare lamps are left without hiding the wiring. Lamps with a metal shade are also suitable. Local light is made in the form of hinged luminaires from workshops.
Old furniture from the attic or flea market will do. You can also take a modern one that would fit the overall design. You can also equip production tables, workbenches for furniture, which will add entourage. Stylized furniture made of iron pipes or fittings will look good. The sofa and armchairs in the room should be supported in plain colors in the general range with the rest of the design.
The use of items as furniture that were not previously intended for living quarters in principle is encouraged.
Industrial room design
The industrial style requires extensive space, so the kitchen is often combined with the living room, getting a kind of studio that fits into the historical surroundings. This option requires a balanced decision, since part of the walls will have to be dismantled. At the same time, a kitchen combined with a living room has a big plus is a visual and physical increase in space..
In the kitchen area, the union of wood and brick looks perfect
The interior design of an industrial living room and kitchen should correspond to the general style features:
- open pipes and wiring;
- natural or decorative beams;
- entourage furniture;
- exposed brickwork.
The kitchen from the living room can be zoned with a bar counter, a difference in floor level with the help of a podium, and an arrangement of furniture. A slightly different design will also help in zoning: the walls are a couple of tones lighter, a slightly different texture of the finish.
An industrial kitchen is trendy and cheap
It is better to purchase kitchen appliances built-in. This saves space and adheres to the principles of minimalism. Also, the built-in technology retains the design style and does not lose its functionality..
The main place in the living room is given to the sofa area, in which residents and guests of the house will gather
Of course, you can design a kitchen in the industrial style without combining it with the living room, but then it is required that its dimensions allow it. Industrial is well suited for the kitchen: brick walls and natural wood perfectly combine design and practicality. It is thanks to these qualities that it is becoming more and more popular for the kitchen..
The industrial style for the bedroom has some peculiarities due to the fact that it is required to create a favorable atmosphere in this room for a good rest. To add coziness to a rough manufacturing environment, you can bring the color gamut closer to lighter shades and add a couple of bright elements..
You can put a bright juicy bedspread on the bed
Another option for an industrial bedroom could be a room with a few accents that match the design. For example, a small section of a brick wall can be supplemented with minimalistic monochromatic furniture. A suitable painting or photo will help you fill in the empty space..
The original headboard made of light wood will dilute the gloomy interior
Important. Do not over-saturate the bedroom with industrial design. Convenience and functionality should come first.
For decoration, you can use a small panel pasted over with photo wallpaper
Manufactured finishes are also suitable for the bathroom. Of the materials, it is worth focusing on natural ones:
- wood with a waterproof coating;
The design should be done in lighter colors for visual expansion. A large wall mirror is imperative: it will help enlarge the room and enhance the lighting. A wood floor with a water-repellent treatment will be pleasant to the touch and look great, and will also be much warmer than concrete or stone.
Simple materials and no unnecessary decorations
Everything in the bathroom should be simple and harmonious
High ceilings can be visually lowered with artificial beams. In a low bathroom, it is better to use white for it..
Video review of a studio apartment in an industrial style
50 inspiring industrial interior ideas