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How to design a suburban area of ​​6 acres

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It is difficult to create an interesting and convenient landscape design on 6 acres, but it is quite possible. To place everything you need in a small area, you will need to correctly zone the available space, taking into account the peculiarities of individual zones. It is worthwhile to competently approach the creation of flower beds, a vegetable garden, to planting trees and tall shrubs, without turning your garden into an impenetrable dark jungle.

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Building codes

There is a certain regulation that determines the planning rules for suburban areas – SNiP 2.07.01-89, it is also necessary to take into account SNiP 2.01.02-85, where fire safety rules are spelled out. Violation of any of the above norms leads to fines, therefore, it is strictly necessary to adhere to them even in small areas..

Fundamental rules

  • Thinking over the design of 6 acres, be sure to keep in mind that living quarters should be at least 3 m from the border of neighbors and 5 m from the street.
  • Household buildings should be at least 1 m away from the border of the garden.
  • There are standards for natural light. Living rooms should be exposed to light for at least 2.5 hours during the day, bedrooms and living rooms should be located in the south or southeast, and the kitchen, closets and a bathroom should be located on the north side..

In addition to the listed rules, it is advisable to observe one more thing – the windows of living rooms should overlook the most beautiful areas of the garden. If the country house has already been built, it is better to place flower beds or beautiful ponds so that it can be seen from the windows of the bedroom, living room or from the veranda.

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Design of a summer residence 6 acres with your own hands

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Making a summer residence with your own hands

How to zone a space

It is easier to divide the site into functional zones if it was purchased recently and without buildings. This is a blank slate on which you can create anything. Otherwise, the transfer of buildings may be required. In both situations, it is helpful to have a detailed plan first before embarking on bringing your landscape design to life. To do this, you can use plain paper and a simple pencil or create a layout in a special computer program..

First of all, the layout of the country house is being thought out, it should be comfortable enough and roomy for all family members. If you like to collect guests on vacation, this is worth considering. When the house is thought out inside and out, you can proceed directly to zoning.

What zones can be?

  • If you have a car, you will need to allocate a separate space for a garage or parking, they are equipped on the basement of the house or closer to the exit.
  • You can’t do without a bath in the country. If necessary, a gazebo or veranda is attached to it.
  • It is important to think over the place where the outbuildings will be located..
  • If there is no toilet in the house, it must be built separately, it does not take up much space and will easily fit into the design of a suburban area of ​​6 acres.
  • Recreation area with gazebo and barbecue area.
  • Children’s playground. A sandpit with a swing or an inflatable pool is usually enough for her..
  • If you want to grow greens, berries or vegetables, you will need to allocate a separate place for a vegetable garden.
  • A small pond or flower garden for beauty.

Zones can be in different combinations, nothing prevents you from adding your own ideas, the main thing is to take into account the dimensions and general design style.

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How and where to place zones

When the number of zones is determined, you can think over the design of a garden plot of 6 acres. At this stage, you need to decide where each element of the landscape will be located. In this case, it is worth taking into account the height of the terrain, the presence of shade and open space, are there neighbors nearby, is there a flat area, etc..

Important! Do not place the residential building in the center, this will greatly complicate the placement of the rest of the elements.

A place closer to the exit is suitable for a garage or parking; it is also better to place a residential building somewhere nearby. Consider the location of the sun – the building should not shade the entire area. The bathhouse, if possible, is located not far from the main building, there is also a veranda or a small summer kitchen.

A place to relax is often associated with cooking kebabs or barbecues, when positioning it, it is good to take into account the direction of the winds. If possible, smoke from the fire should not interfere with neighbors and fall on the site itself. Also, do not place the gazebo in the scorching sun, it is not very comfortable, the ideal place is partial shade.

As for the playground, it should be visible from the windows of the house. The sandpit or swing should not be in the open sun, so that the children’s head does not get baked. At the same time, they cannot be placed in the shade and in the lowlands, where there are drafts, dampness and poorly heated air..

If there are irregularities on the territory, the hills can be used to create beautiful alpine slides, but it is better to place artificial reservoirs in natural lowlands. A small vegetable garden, if there is a desire to break it up on a backyard territory, should also be located taking into account the heights, the amount of light, etc. In many ways, the placement of the beds depends on the characteristics of growing specific crops.

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Design of a summer residence 6 acres with your own hands

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How to expand the territory

Unfortunately, it will not be possible to expand almost 6 acres, however, various design techniques can be applied to visually make the site more spacious. A small area is not necessarily a disadvantage, the objects on it are located close enough to each other, and the garden will not look half empty. Often 6 acres have the following dimensions:

  • 15×40 m;
  • 20×30 m;
  • 25×24 m.

Such dimensions are convenient, the landscape is visible from any part of the garden, so the design idea will be immediately visible. But in order to visually expand the space, there are many techniques that designers use..

Smooth lines

In a small space, sharp, clear lines look too rough, and vice versa, once again emphasize the modest size and isolation of the territory. To smooth out this feeling, it is advisable to create natural curves and rounded lines. First of all, this applies to paths, flower beds, the outlines of individual zones, reservoirs, etc..

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No deaf fences

A solid fence without a single gap will create a feeling of hopelessness, you should not use such fences. Light openwork fences made of natural materials will look much more spectacular and natural..

The design of a suburban area of ​​6 acres can be decorated with a hedge. You can choose any size, which is very convenient given the very small area. It can be just a symbolic fence up to knees or a full-fledged fence in full growth and higher. It all depends on your preferences, as well as the presence of overly curious neighbors.

The simplest version of a hedge is an ordinary mesh-netting, along which unpretentious climbing plants are planted with their own hands, which do not require careful maintenance. Depending on the climate, it can be grapes, bindweed, or even peas..

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Design of a summer residence 6 acres with your own hands

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Making a summer residence with your own hands

Minimum plantings

In order not to clutter the landscape, try not to overdo it with ornamental plants. The optimal solution is a neat lawn and two or three types of flowers or low shrubs. If you want something more ambitious, then it is better to entrust this business to professionals..

Bright objects

Despite the fact that there is not much space, it can be divided into smaller sections. However, this must be done taking into account some peculiarities. In small areas, attention-grabbing accents are important, so objects should be large enough. This can be a pond, a gazebo, flower beds, if they are large. And for zoning, you can use light arches or small hedges..

Lighting

Well thought out lighting plays an important role in the overall perception of landscape design, as well as in practical terms. With the help of well-placed lamps and lanterns, you can transform the site in the evening and at night. To make the space seem wider, it is worth abandoning the harsh cold light; it is better to choose lamps with a soft golden glow. The main objects for lighting are paths, paths and accent elements..

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Making a summer cottage with your own hands

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Suburban area with original design

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Decoration with flowers of a summer cottage

Since lighting plays not only a decorative but also a practical role, backlighting has a number of great advantages..

  1. The ability to visually highlight the most spectacular elements of the landscape.
  2. The illuminated garden paths are safe and easy to navigate even on the darkest night without the fear of tripping. Also, do not leave outbuildings without lighting..
  3. Light can highlight the most spectacular plants – rare trees or the largest and brightest flowers.
  4. It is easier to observe the highlighted area at night, if necessary.

Which lamps are better

Recessed luminaires with energy-saving lamps are best suited for street lighting. They are relatively cheap and have a long lifespan. You should not choose lamps of the same wattage as are usually used in an apartment and house. Less bright lamps are enough – they will highlight the necessary, and the cost of electricity will be much less.

It is also convenient to separate the switches for decorative lighting and functional lighting. Three-phase machines are suitable for this, it is more convenient to do wiring with them, and fuses will help to avoid short circuits.

When thinking over the lighting of the site, make sure that the power cables are isolated from moisture, rain and snow. It is best to hide them underground, but be sure to place labels so as not to accidentally damage the cables when gardening..

Important! The cable should not be near the water supply.

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Design of a summer residence 6 acres with your own hands

unusual design of a country house with stones

Making a summer residence with your own hands

Classic design

The house, sauna and garage are a classic trinity. This layout allows you to use the available space as efficiently as possible. So, let’s look at one of the examples of a plot of a standard form:

For a bath, it is convenient to select the upper corner, it will be hidden from view from the street, but at the same time close enough to the house. In the same area, it is customary to place a gazebo with barbecue. If space permits, you can add a pond or flower garden.

The vegetable garden can be set up just below the gazebo. You should not choose rectangular or square shapes, it is better to select a round area – visually it seems smaller.

The most beautiful and elegant elements (flower garden, etc.) are located on the side of the house facade. Ideal if the windows of the bedroom or living room overlook the flower beds. But fruit trees are best planted in the upper or lower left corner..

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Making a summer cottage with your own hands

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Suburban area with original design

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Decoration with flowers of a summer cottage

How to arrange an “elongated” section

If the proportions are too elongated, it is better to choose the far end of the site for the house. In front of the facade there is a lawn, trees, flower beds. In this case, outbuildings are located at the opposite end of the triangle, and all elements of the landscape are connected by a winding path that runs along the entire territory. The central part can be used as a garden or vegetable garden, taking into account the illumination of the area and height differences.

Useful Tips

Here are some helpful tips to help you create a beautiful and harmonious space..

  1. A lawn is the easiest way to improve the territory. Neatly trimmed soft grass looks harmonious and tidy. To keep the lawn tidy, it is enough to have a lawn mower and cut the grass at least once a week. A simple electric trimmer is great for small areas..
  2. If there are beds for growing vegetables, it is best to place them right in the middle of the lawn, separating from it with a spectacular border..
  3. There should be no bare ground on the site, this spoils the whole impression, and in natural conditions the soil is usually covered with grass or leaves. Therefore, be sure to mulch the soil, anything is suitable for this – lawn, straw, nutshells, crushed tree bark, colored gravel, etc..
  4. Don’t make a plan without accurate calculations. This applies not only to the size of each element of the summer cottage, but also to the plants grown. Do not plant more than necessary, it often turns out that much more vegetables or fruits come out than can be used.

So, even a small garden plot can be tastefully landscaped by placing everything you need on it. So that the space does not seem too chaotic and overloaded, it is important to accurately calculate the dimensions of all zones, as well as be able to correctly arrange them.

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Design of a summer residence 6 acres with your own hands

beautiful creation of the design of the suburban area with stones

Making a summer residence with your own hands

Ornamental plants

Photophilous

Shade-loving

Asters, carnations, crocuses, phloxes, calendula, balsam, hydrangea, jasmine, gladiolus.

Marigolds, petunia, pansies, violets, begonia, asparagus, oxalis, ivy, lily of the valley, forget-me-not.

Expert opinion Alina Kvileva.

Video: Making a summer residence of 6 acres with your own hands

50 photos of ideas for decorating a summer residence of 6 acres with your own hands:

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